VITAMIN E – Uses, Side Effects, and More

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Abner, E. L., Schmitt, F. A., Mendiondo, M. S., Marcum, J. L., and Kryscio, R. J. Vitamin E and All-cause Mortality: A Meta-Analysis. Sci. 1-14-2011; View abstract.

Abraham, G. E. Nutritional factors in the etiology of the premenstrual tension syndromes. 1983;28(7):446-464. View abstract.

Absorption of intramuscular vitamin E in premature babies. Italian Collaborative Group on Preterm Delivery. 1991;16(1):13-21. View abstract.

Adler, L. A., Peselow, E., Duncan, E., Rosenthal, M., and Angrist, B. Vitamin E in tardive dyskinesia: time course of effect after placebo substitution. 1993;29(3):371-374. View abstract.

Adler, L. A., Peselow, E., Rotrosen, J., Duncan, E., Lee, M., Rosenthal, M., and Angrist, B. Vitamin E treatment of tardive dyskinesia. shopmetin.comhiatry 1993;150(9):1405-1407. View abstract.

Adler, L. A., Rotrosen, J., Edson, R., Lavori, P., Lohr, J., Hitzemann, R., Raisch, D., Caligiuri, M., and Tracy, K. Vitamin E treatment for tardive dyskinesia. Veterans Affairs Cooperative Study #394 Study Group. shopmetin.comhiatry 1999;56(9):836-841. View abstract.

Adler, L., Edson, R., Rotrosen, J., Lavori, P., Tracy, K., and Lohr, J. Vitamin E in the treatment of TD: the results of Department of Veterans Affairs Cooperative Study #394. Proceedings of New Clinical Drug Evaluation Unit Program 38th Annual Meeting 1998;

Agte, V. and Tarwadi, K. The importance of nutrition in the prevention of ocular disease with special reference to cataract. Ophthalmic Res 2010;44(3):166-172. View abstract.

Akhtar, S., Jajor, T. R., and Kumar, S. Vitamin E in the treatment of tardive dyskinesia. 1993;39(3):124-126. View abstract.

Albanes, D., Malila, N., Taylor, P. R., Huttunen, J. K., Virtamo, J., Edwards, B. K., Rautalahti, M., Hartman, A. M., Barrett, M. J., Pietinen, P., Hartman, T. J., Sipponen, P., Lewin, K., Teerenhovi, L., Hietanen, P., Tangrea, J. A., Virtanen, M., and Heinonen, O. P. Effects of supplemental alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene on colorectal cancer: results from a controlled trial (Finland). Cancer Causes Control 2000;11(3):197-205. View abstract.

Albers, J. W., Chaudhry, V., Cavaletti, G., and Donehower, R. C. Interventions for preventing neuropathy caused by cisplatin and related compounds. 2011;(2):CD005228. View abstract.

Ali, S. M. and Chakraborty, S. K. Role of plasma ascorbate in diabetic microangiopathy. Bangladesh Med Res 1989;15(2):47-59. View abstract.

Alkhenizan, A. and Hafez, K. The role of vitamin E in the prevention of cancer: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. 2007;27(6):409-414. View abstract.

Allen, S., Britton, J. R., and Leonardi-Bee, J. A. Association between antioxidant vitamins and asthma outcome measures: systematic review and meta-analysis. Thorax 2009;64(7):610-619. View abstract.

Allsup, S. J., Shenkin, A., Gosney, M. A., Taylor, S., Taylor, W., Hammond, M., and Zambon, M. C. Can a short period of micronutrient supplementation in older institutionalized people improve response to influenza vaccine? A randomized, controlled trial. J 2004;52(1):20-24. View abstract.

Anderson, T. W. and Reid, D. B. A double-blind trial of vitamin E in angina pectoris. 1974;27(10):1174-1178. View abstract.

Andreone, P., Gramonzi, A., and Bernardi, M. Vitamin E for chronic hepatitis B. 1-15-1998;128(2):156-157. View abstract.

Antoniadi, G., Eleftheriadis, T., Liakopoulos, V., Kakasi, E., Kartsios, C., Passadakis, P., and Vargemezis, V. Effect of one-year oral alpha-tocopherol administration on the antioxidant defense system in hemodialysis patients. 2008;12(3):237-242. View abstract.

Argyriou, A. A., Chroni, E., Koutras, A., Ellul, J., Papapetropoulos, S., Katsoulas, G., Iconomou, G., and Kalofonos, H. P. Vitamin E for prophylaxis against chemotherapy-induced neuropathy: a randomized controlled trial. Neurology 1-11-2005;64(1):26-31. View abstract.

Argyriou, A. A., Chroni, E., Koutras, A., Iconomou, G., Papapetropoulos, S., Polychronopoulos, P., and Kalofonos, H. P. A randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of vitamin E supplementation for protection against cisplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy: final results. Cancer 2006;14(11):1134-1140. View abstract.

Arnon, S., Regev, R. H., Bauer, S., Shainkin-Kestenbaum, R., Shiff, Y., Bental, Y., Dolfin, T., and Litmanovitz, I. Vitamin E levels during early iron supplementation in preterm infants. shopmetin.comnatol. 2009;26(5):387-392. View abstract.

Ascorbic acid does not cure cancer. Nutr Rev 1985;43(5):146-147. View abstract.

Asplund, K. Antioxidant vitamins in the prevention of cardiovascular disease: a systematic review. J 2002;251(5):372-392. View abstract.

Avenell, A., Campbell, M. K., Cook, J. A., Hannaford, P. C., Kilonzo, M. M., McNeill, G., Milne, A. C., Ramsay, C. R., Seymour, D. G., Stephen, A. I., and Vale, L. D. Effect of multivitamin and multimineral supplements on morbidity from infections in older people (MAVIS trial): pragmatic, randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial. BMJ 8-6-2005;331(7512):324-329. View abstract.

Azen, S. P., Qian, D., Mack, W. J., Sevanian, A., Selzer, R. H., Liu, C. R., Liu, C. H., and Hodis, H. N. Effect of supplementary antioxidant vitamin intake on carotid arterial wall intima-media thickness in a controlled clinical trial of cholesterol lowering. Circulation 11-15-1996;94(10):2369-2372. View abstract.

Badcock NR, Parsons D, Staugas RE, Aldis JJE, and Couper RTL. Vitamin E, peroxidative and non-peroxidative free radical damage markers, and sample collection timing in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis. Australian Journal of Nutrition & Dietetics (AUST J NUTR DIET) 2000;57(2):79-83.

Bairati, I., Meyer, F., Gelinas, M., Fortin, A., Nabid, A., Brochet, F., Mercier, J. P., Tetu, B., Harel, F., Abdous, B., Vigneault, E., Vass, S., del, Vecchio P., and Roy, J. Randomized trial of antioxidant vitamins to prevent acute adverse effects of radiation therapy in head and neck cancer patients. shopmetin.coml. 8-20-2005;23(24):5805-5813. View abstract.

Bairati, I., Meyer, F., Jobin, E., Gelinas, M., Fortin, A., Nabid, A., Brochet, F., and Tetu, B. Antioxidant vitamins supplementation and mortality: a randomized trial in head and neck cancer patients. shopmetin.comer 11-1-2006;119(9):2221-2224. View abstract.

Bakkeheim, E., Mowinckel, P., Carlsen, K. H., Burney, P., and Carlsen, K. C. Altered oxidative state in schoolchildren with asthma and allergic rhinitis. shopmetin.comrgy Immunol. 2011;22(2):178-185. View abstract.

Baldinger, R., Katzberg, H. D., and Weber, M. Treatment for cramps in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease. 2012;4:CD004157. View abstract.

Baliarsingh, S., Beg, Z. H., and Ahmad, J. The therapeutic impacts of tocotrienols in type 2 diabetic patients with hyperlipidemia. Atherosclerosis 2005;182(2):367-374. View abstract.

Barak, Y., Swartz, M., Shamir, E., Stein, D., and Weizman, A. Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) in the treatment of tardive dyskinesia: a statistical meta-analysis. shopmetin.comhiatry 1998;10(3):101-105. View abstract.

Bartlett, H. E. and Eperjesi, F. Effect of lutein and antioxidant dietary supplementation on contrast sensitivity in age-related macular disease: a randomized controlled trial. 2007;61(9):1121-1127. View abstract.

Bath-Hextall, F. J., Jenkinson, C., Humphreys, R., and Williams, H. C. Dietary supplements for established atopic eczema. 2012;2:CD005205. View abstract.

Battisti, C., Formichi, P., Tripodi, S. A., Vindigni, C., Roviello, F., and Federico, A. Vitamin E serum levels and gastric cancer: results from a cohort of patients in Tuscany, Italy. Cancer Lett. 4-3-2000;151(1):15-18. View abstract.

Beazley D, Livingston J Kao L Sibai B. Vitamin c and e supplementation in women at high risk for preeclampsia: a doubleblind placebo controlled trial. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2002;187(6 Pt 2):S216.

Beazley, D., Ahokas, R., Livingston, J., Griggs, M., and Sibai, B. M. Vitamin C and E supplementation in women at high risk for preeclampsia: a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Am.J Obstet Gynecol. 2005;192(2):520-521. View abstract.

Belfort, R., Harrison, S. A., Brown, K., Darland, C., Finch, J., Hardies, J., Balas, B., Gastaldelli, A., Tio, F., Pulcini, J., Berria, R., Ma, J. Z., Dwivedi, S., Havranek, R., Fincke, C., DeFronzo, R., Bannayan, G. A., Schenker, S., and Cusi, K. A placebo-controlled trial of pioglitazone in subjects with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. 11-30-2006;355(22):2297-2307. View abstract.

Bell, E. F. Upper limit of vitamin E in infant formulas. J.Nutr. 1989;119(12 Suppl):1829-1831. View abstract.

Bendich, A., Mallick, R., and Leader, S. Potential health economic benefits of vitamin supplementation. West J.Med. 1997;166(5):306-312. View abstract.

Berry, D., Wathen, J. K., and Newell, M. Bayesian model averaging in meta-analysis: vitamin E supplementation and mortality. shopmetin.comls 2009;6(1):28-41. View abstract.

Bidoli, E., La, Vecchia C., Talamini, R., Negri, E., Parpinel, M., Conti, E., Montella, M., Carbone, M. A., and Franceschi, S. Micronutrients and ovarian cancer: a case-control study in Italy. shopmetin.coml. 2001;12(11):1589-1593. View abstract.

Biglia, N., Sgandurra, P., Peano, E., Marenco, D., Moggio, G., Bounous, V., Tomasi, Cont N., Ponzone, R., and Sismondi, P. Non-hormonal treatment of hot flushes in breast cancer survivors: gabapentin vs. vitamin E. Climacteric. 2009;12(4):310-318. View abstract.

Bilgihan, K., Adiguzel, U., Sezer, C., Akyol, G., and Hasanreisoglu, B. Effects of topical vitamin E on keratocyte apoptosis after traditional photorefractive keratectomy. Ophthalmologica 2001;215(3):192-196. View abstract.

Bin, Q., Hu, X., Cao, Y., and Gao, F. The role of vitamin E (tocopherol) supplementation in the prevention of stroke. A meta-analysis of 13 randomised controlled trials. shopmetin.comost. 2011;105(4):579-585. View abstract.

Birkenstock, W. E., Louw, J. H., Terblanche, J., Immelman, E. J., Dent, D. M., and Baker, P. M. Smoking and other factors affecting the conservative management of peripheral vascular disease. 7-5-1975;49(28):1129-1132. View abstract.

Bjelakovic, G., Gluud, L. L., Nikolova, D., Bjelakovic, M., Nagorni, A., and Gluud, C. Antioxidant supplements for liver diseases. 2011;(3):CD007749. View abstract.

Bjelakovic, G., Nikolova, D., Gluud, L. L., Simonetti, R. G., and Gluud, C. Antioxidant supplements for prevention of mortality in healthy participants and patients with various diseases. 2008;(2):CD007176. View abstract.

Bjelakovic, G., Nikolova, D., Gluud, L. L., Simonetti, R. G., and Gluud, C. Antioxidant supplements for prevention of mortality in healthy participants and patients with various diseases. 2012;3:CD007176. View abstract.

Bjelakovic, G., Nikolova, D., Simonetti, R. G., and Gluud, C. Systematic review: primary and secondary prevention of gastrointestinal cancers with antioxidant supplements. 9-15-2008;28(6):689-703. View abstract.

Blanke, C. D., Stipanov, M., Morrow, J., Rothenberg, M., Chinery, R., Shyr, Y., Coffey, R., Johnson, D. H., Leach, S. D., and Beauchamp, R. D. A phase I study of vitamin E, 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin for advanced malignancies. Invest New Drugs 2001;19(1):21-27. View abstract.

Blot, W. J. Preventing cancer by disrupting progression of precancerous lesions. J shopmetin.comer Inst. 12-6-2000;92(23):1868-1869. View abstract.

Blot, W. J., Li, J. Y., Taylor, P. R., Guo, W., Dawsey, S. M., and Li, B. The Linxian trials: mortality rates by vitamin-mineral intervention group. Am J Clin Nutr 1995;62(6 Suppl):1424S-1426S. View abstract.

Blum, S., Vardi, M., Brown, J. B., Russell, A., Milman, U., Shapira, C., Levy, N. S., Miller-Lotan, R., Asleh, R., and Levy, A. P. Vitamin E reduces cardiovascular disease in individuals with diabetes mellitus and the haptoglobin 2-2 genotype. Pharmacogenomics. 2010;11(5):675-684. View abstract.

Blum, S., Vardi, M., Levy, N. S., Miller-Lotan, R., and Levy, A. P. The effect of vitamin E supplementation on cardiovascular risk in diabetic individuals with different haptoglobin phenotypes. Atherosclerosis 2010;211(1):25-27. View abstract.

Bobak, M., Brunner, E., Miller, N. J., Skodova, Z., and Marmot, M. Could antioxidants play a role in high rates of coronary heart disease in the Czech Republic? Eur.J 1998;52(9):632-636. View abstract.

BODY, A. M., RATCLIFFE, A. H., and . Intermittent claudication; a clinical study. J.Bone Joint 1949;31B(3):325-355. View abstract.

Bohlke, K., Spiegelman, D., Trichopoulou, A., Katsouyanni, K., and Trichopoulos, D. Vitamins A, C and E and the risk of breast cancer: results from a case-control study in Greece. Br.J Cancer 1999;79(1):23-29. View abstract.

Bollschweiler, E., Wolfgarten, E., Nowroth, T., Rosendahl, U., Monig, S. P., and Holscher, A. H. Vitamin intake and risk of subtypes of esophageal cancer in Germany. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2002;128(10):575-580. View abstract.

Bonelli L, Camoriano A Ravelli P Missale G Bruzzi P Aste H. Reduction of the incidence of metachronous adenomas of the large bowel by means of antioxidants. Se-Te Press 1998;91-94.

Boothby, L. A. and Doering, P. L. Vitamin C and vitamin E for Alzheimer’s disease. shopmetin.commacother. 2005;39(12):2073-2080. View abstract.

Boshtam, M., Rafiei, M., Sadeghi, K., and Sarraf-Zadegan, N. Vitamin E can reduce blood pressure in mild hypertensives. 2002;72(5):309-314. View abstract.

Bostick, R. M., Potter, J. D., McKenzie, D. R., Sellers, T. A., Kushi, L. H., Steinmetz, K. A., and Folsom, A. R. Reduced risk of colon cancer with high intake of vitamin E: the Iowa Women’s Health Study. Cancer Res 9-15-1993;53(18):4230-4237. View abstract.

BOYD, A. M. and MARKS, J. Treatment of intermittent claudication. A reappraisal of the value of alpha-tocopherol. Angiology 1963;14:198-208. View abstract.

Brion, L. P., Bell, E. F., and Raghuveer, T. S. Vitamin E supplementation for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. 2003;(3):CD003665. View abstract.

Brion, L. P., Bell, E. F., and Raghuveer, T. S. Vitamin E supplementation for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. 2003;(4):CD003665. View abstract.

Brion, L. P., Bell, E. F., Raghuveer, T. S., and Soghier, L. What is the appropriate intravenous dose of vitamin E for very-low-birth-weight infants? J.Perinatol. 2004;24(4):205-207. View abstract.

Bugianesi, E., Gentilcore, E., Manini, R., Natale, S., Vanni, E., Villanova, N., David, E., Rizzetto, M., and Marchesini, G. A randomized controlled trial of metformin versus vitamin E or prescriptive diet in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. shopmetin.comroenterol. 2005;100(5):1082-1090. View abstract.

Buiatti, E., Palli, D., Bianchi, S., Decarli, A., Amadori, D., Avellini, C., Cipriani, F., Cocco, P., Giacosa, A., Lorenzini, L., and . A case-control study of gastric cancer and diet in Italy. III. Risk patterns by histologic type. shopmetin.comer 5-30-1991;48(3):369-374. View abstract.

Buijsse, B., Feskens, E. J., Schlettwein-Gsell, D., Ferry, M., Kok, F. J., Kromhout, D., and de Groot, L. C. Plasma carotene and alpha-tocopherol in relation to 10-y all-cause and cause-specific mortality in European elderly: the Survey in Europe on Nutrition and the Elderly, a Concerted Action (SENECA). 2005;82(4):879-886. View abstract.

Bussey, H. J., DeCosse, J. J., Deschner, E. E., Eyers, A. A., Lesser, M. L., Morson, B. C., Ritchie, S. M., Thomson, J. P., and Wadsworth, J. A randomized trial of ascorbic acid in polyposis coli. Cancer 10-1-1982;50(7):1434-1439. View abstract.

Butcher, G. P., Rhodes, J. M., Walker, R., Krasner, N., and Jackson, M. J. The effect of antioxidant supplementation on a serum marker of free radical activity and abnormal serum biochemistry in alcoholic patients admitted for detoxification. J Hepatol. 1993;19(1):105-109. View abstract.

Cahill, R. J., O’Sullivan, K. R., Mathias, P. M., Beattie, S., Hamilton, H., and O’Morain, C. Effects of vitamin antioxidant supplementation on cell kinetics of patients with adenomatous polyps. Gut 1993;34(7):963-967. View abstract.

Calle, E. E., Rodriguez, C., Jacobs, E. J., Almon, M. L., Chao, A., McCullough, M. L., Feigelson, H. S., and Thun, M. J. The American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Cohort: rationale, study design, and baseline characteristics. Cancer 5-1-2002;94(9):2490-2501. View abstract.

Canter, P. H., Wider, B., and Ernst, E. The antioxidant vitamins A, C, E and selenium in the treatment of arthritis: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Rheumatology.(Oxford) 2007;46(8):1223-1233. View abstract.

Capuron, L., Moranis, A., Combe, N., Cousson-Gelie, F., Fuchs, D., De Smedt-Peyrusse, V., Barberger-Gateau, P., and Laye, S. Vitamin E status and quality of life in the elderly: influence of inflammatory processes. 2009;102(10):1390-1394. View abstract.

Cascinu, S., Ligi, M., Del, Ferro E., Foglietti, G., Cioccolini, P., Staccioli, M. P., Carnevali, A., Luigi Rocchi, M. B., Alessandroni, P., Giordani, P., Catalano, V., Polizzi, V., Agostinelli, R., Muretto, P., and Catalano, G. Effects of calcium and vitamin supplementation on colon cell proliferation in colorectal cancer. Cancer Invest 2000;18(5):411-416. View abstract.

Catalano, M., Born, G., and Peto, R. Prevention of serious vascular events by aspirin amongst patients with peripheral arterial disease: randomized, double-blind trial. 2007;261(3):276-284. View abstract.

Chalasani, N., Younossi, Z., Lavine, J. E., Diehl, A. M., Brunt, E. M., Cusi, K., Charlton, M., and Sanyal, A. J. The diagnosis and management of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: Practice guideline by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, American College of Gastroenterology, and the American Gastroenterological Association. shopmetin.comroenterol. 2012;107(6):811-826. View abstract.

Chan, J. C., Mahan, J. D., Trachtman, H., Scheinman, J., Flynn, J. T., Alon, U. S., Lande, M. B., Weiss, R. A., and Norkus, E. P. Vitamin E therapy in IgA nephropathy: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. shopmetin.comrol. 2003;18(10):1015-1019. View abstract.

Chande, N., Laidlaw, M., Adams, P., and Marotta, P. Yo Jyo Hen Shi Ko (YHK) improves transaminases in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH): a randomized pilot study. Dig Dis Sci 2006;51(7):1183-1189. View abstract.

Chandra, R. K. Effect of vitamin and trace-element supplementation on immune responses and infection in elderly subjects. Lancet 11-7-1992;340(8828):1124-1127. View abstract.

Chao, W. H., Askew, E. W., Roberts, D. E., Wood, S. M., and Perkins, J. B. Oxidative stress in humans during work at moderate altitude. J Nutr. 1999;129(11):2009-2012. View abstract.

Chen, H., Tucker, K. L., Graubard, B. I., Heineman, E. F., Markin, R. S., Potischman, N. A., Russell, R. M., Weisenburger, D. D., and Ward, M. H. Nutrient intakes and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and distal stomach. Nutr Cancer 2002;42(1):33-40. View abstract.

Cheng, K. K., Sharp, L., McKinney, P. A., Logan, R. F., Chilvers, C. E., Cook-Mozaffari, P., Ahmed, A., and Day, N. E. A case-control study of oesophageal adenocarcinoma in women: a preventable disease. Br J Cancer 2000;83(1):127-132. View abstract.

Chin, S. F., Ibahim, J., Makpol, S., Abdul Hamid, N. A., Abdul, Latiff A., Zakaria, Z., Mazlan, M., Mohd Yusof, Y. A., Abdul, Karim A., and Wan Ngah, W. Z. Tocotrienol Rich Fraction Supplementation Improved Lipid Profile and Oxidative Status in Healthy Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Study. (Lond) 6-24-2011;8(1):42. View abstract.

Chiswick, M. L., Johnson, M., Woodhall, C., Gowland, M., Davies, J., Toner, N., and Sims, D. G. Protective effect of vitamin E (DL-alpha-tocopherol) against intraventricular haemorrhage in premature babies. Br.Med.J.(Clin.Res.Ed) 7-9-1983;287(6385):81-84. View abstract.

Chiswick, M. L., Wynn, J., and Toner, N. Vitamin E and intraventricular hemorrhage in the newborn. 1982;393:109-120. View abstract.

Christen, W. G., Glynn, R. J., Chew, E. Y., and Buring, J. E. Vitamin E and age-related cataract in a randomized trial of women. Ophthalmology 2008;115(5):822-829. View abstract.

Christen, W. G., Glynn, R. J., Chew, E. Y., and Buring, J. E. Vitamin E and age-related macular degeneration in a randomized trial of women. Ophthalmology 2010;117(6):1163-1168. View abstract.

Christen, W. G., Glynn, R. J., Sesso, H. D., Kurth, T., MacFadyen, J., Bubes, V., Buring, J. E., Manson, J. E., and Gaziano, J. M. Age-related cataract in a randomized trial of vitamins E and C in men. shopmetin.comhalmol. 2010;128(11):1397-1405. View abstract.

Christen, W. G., Liu, S., Glynn, R. J., Gaziano, J. M., and Buring, J. E. Dietary carotenoids, vitamins C and E, and risk of cataract in women: a prospective study. shopmetin.comhalmol. 2008;126(1):102-109. View abstract.

Christen, W. G., Manson, J. E., Glynn, R. J., Gaziano, J. M., Chew, E. Y., Buring, J. E., and Hennekens, C. H. Beta carotene supplementation and age-related maculopathy in a randomized trial of US physicians. shopmetin.comhalmol. 2007;125(3):333-339. View abstract.

Ciliberto, H., Ciliberto, M., Briend, A., Ashorn, P., Bier, D., and Manary, M. Antioxidant supplementation for the prevention of kwashiorkor in Malawian children: randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial. BMJ 5-14-2005;330(7500):1109. View abstract.

Clarke, M. W., Burnett, J. R., and Croft, K. D. Vitamin E in human health and disease. Crit Sci. 2008;45(5):417-450. View abstract.

Clarke, M. W., Ward, N. C., Wu, J. H., Hodgson, J. M., Puddey, I. B., and Croft, K. D. Supplementation with mixed tocopherols increases serum and blood cell gamma-tocopherol but does not alter biomarkers of platelet activation in subjects with type 2 diabetes. Am.J 2006;83(1):95-102. View abstract.

Clemens, M. R., Waladkhani, A. R., Bublitz, K., Ehninger, G., and Gey, K. F. Supplementation with antioxidants prior to bone marrow transplantation. shopmetin.comenschr. 10-17-1997;109(19):771-776. View abstract.

Clemons, T. E., Kurinij, N., and Sperduto, R. D. Associations of mortality with ocular disorders and an intervention of high-dose antioxidants and zinc in the Age-Related Eye Disease Study: AREDS Report No. 13. shopmetin.comhalmol. 2004;122(5):716-726. View abstract.

Clifford, A. J., de Moura, F. F., Ho, C. C., Chuang, J. C., Follett, J., Fadel, J. G., and Novotny, J. A. A feasibility study quantifying in vivo human alpha-tocopherol metabolism. 2006;84(6):1430-1441. View abstract.

Colditz, G. A., Manson, J. E., and Hankinson, S. E. The Nurses’ Health Study: 20-year contribution to the understanding of health among women. J.Womens Health 1997;6(1):49-62. View abstract.

Collins, E. G., Edwin, Langbein W., Orebaugh, C., Bammert, C., Hanson, K., Reda, D., Edwards, L. C., and Littooy, F. N. PoleStriding exercise and vitamin E for management of peripheral vascular disease. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003;35(3):384-393. View abstract.

Conde-Agudelo, A., Romero, R., Kusanovic, J. P., and Hassan, S. S. Supplementation with vitamins C and E during pregnancy for the prevention of preeclampsia and other adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes: a systematic review and metaanalysis. Am J shopmetin.comcol. 2011;204(6):503-512. View abstract.

Cook, N. R., Albert, C. M., Gaziano, J. M., Zaharris, E., MacFadyen, J., Danielson, E., Buring, J. E., and Manson, J. E. A randomized factorial trial of vitamins C and E and beta carotene in the secondary prevention of cardiovascular events in women: results from the Women’s Antioxidant Cardiovascular Study. 8-13-2007;167(15):1610-1618. View abstract.

Coombes, J. S. and Fassett, R. G. Antioxidant therapy in hemodialysis patients: a systematic review. Kidney Int 2012;81(3):233-246. View abstract.

Cooper, K., Squires, H., Carroll, C., Papaioannou, D., Booth, A., Logan, R. F., Maguire, C., Hind, D., and Tappenden, P. Chemoprevention of colorectal cancer: systematic review and economic evaluation. Health shopmetin.comss. 2010;14(32):1-206. View abstract.

Cordero, Z., Drogan, D., Weikert, C., and Boeing, H. Vitamin E and risk of cardiovascular diseases: a review of epidemiologic and clinical trial studies. Crit 2010;50(5):420-440. View abstract.

Cortes-Gonzalez, J. R. and Glina, S. [Conservative treatment of Peyronie’s disease: colchicine vs. colchicine plus vitamin E]. Actas 2010;34(5):444-449. View abstract.

Cortes-Jofre, M., Rueda, J. R., Corsini-Munoz, G., Fonseca-Cortes, C., Caraballoso, M., and Bonfill, Cosp, X. Drugs for preventing lung cancer in healthy people. 2012;10:CD002141. View abstract.

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de Valk, H. W., Hardus, P. L., van Rijn, H. J., and Erkelens, D. W. Plasma magnesium concentration and progression of retinopathy. Diabetes Care 1999;22(5):864-865. View abstract.

de Waart, F. G., Kok, F. J., Smilde, T. J., Hijmans, A., Wollersheim, H., and Stalenhoef, A. F. Effect of glutathione S-transferase M1 genotype on progression of atherosclerosis in lifelong male smokers. Atherosclerosis 2001;158(1):227-231. View abstract.

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Dorgan, J. F., Sowell, A., Swanson, C. A., Potischman, N., Miller, R., Schussler, N., and Stephenson, H. E., Jr. Relationships of serum carotenoids, retinol, alpha-tocopherol, and selenium with breast cancer risk: results from a prospective study in Columbia, Missouri (United States). Cancer Causes Control 1998;9(1):89-97. View abstract.

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Esteve, J., Riboli, E., Pequignot, G., Terracini, B., Merletti, F., Crosignani, P., Ascunce, N., Zubiri, L., Blanchet, F., Raymond, L., Repetto, F., and Tuyns, A. J. Diet and cancers of the larynx and hypopharynx: the IARC multi-center study in southwestern Europe. Cancer Causes Control 1996;7(2):240-252. View abstract.

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Fang, J. C., Kinlay, S., Beltrame, J., Hikiti, H., Wainstein, M., Behrendt, D., Suh, J., Frei, B., Mudge, G. H., Selwyn, A. P., and Ganz, P. Effect of vitamins C and E on progression of transplant-associated arteriosclerosis: a randomised trial. Lancet 3-30-2002;359(9312):1108-1113. View abstract.

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Fischer, A. F., Inguillo, D., Martin, D. M., Ochikubo, C. G., Vreman, H. J., and Stevenson, D. K. Carboxyhemoglobin concentration as an index of bilirubin production in neonates with birth weights less than 1,500 grams: a randomized double-blind comparison of supplemental oral vitamin E and placebo. 1987;6(5):748-751. View abstract.

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Fulan, H., Changxing, J., Baina, W. Y., Wencui, Z., Chunqing, L., Fan, W., Dandan, L., Dianjun, S., Tong, W., Da, P., and Yashuang, Z. Retinol, vitamins A, C, and E and breast cancer risk: a meta-analysis and meta-regression. Cancer Causes Control 2011;22(10):1383-1396. View abstract.

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Gabbay, E., Zigmond, E., Pappo, O., Hemed, N., Rowe, M., Zabrecky, G., Cohen, R., and Ilan, Y. Antioxidant therapy for chronic hepatitis C after failure of interferon: results of phase II randomized, double-blind placebo controlled clinical trial. World J Gastroenterol 10-28-2007;13(40):5317-5323. View abstract.

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Garrett, S. K., McNeil, J. J., Silagy, C., Sinclair, M., Thomas, A. P., Robman, L. P., McCarty, C. A., Tikellis, G., and Taylor, H. R. Methodology of the VECAT study: vitamin E intervention in cataract and age-related maculopathy. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 1999;6(3):195-208. View abstract.

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Gillilan, R. E., Mondell, B., and Warbasse, J. R. Quantitative evaluation of vitamin E in the treatment of angina pectoris. Am.Heart J 1977;93(4):444-449. View abstract.

Glass GV. Primary secondary and metanalysis of research. Educ Res 1976;5(3):8.

Gogos, C. A., Ginopoulos, P., Salsa, B., Apostolidou, E., Zoumbos, N. C., and Kalfarentzos, F. Dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids plus vitamin E restore immunodeficiency and prolong survival for severely ill patients with generalized malignancy: a randomized control trial. Cancer 1-15-1998;82(2):395-402. View abstract.

Goodman, G. E., Thornquist, M. D., Balmes, J., Cullen, M. R., Meyskens, F. L., Jr., Omenn, G. S., Valanis, B., and Williams, J. H., Jr. The Beta-Carotene and Retinol Efficacy Trial: incidence of lung cancer and cardiovascular disease mortality during 6-year follow-up after stopping beta-carotene and retinol supplements. shopmetin.comer Inst. 12-1-2004;96(23):1743-1750. View abstract.

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Graf, M., Ecker, D., Horowski, R., Kramer, B., Riederer, P., Gerlach, M., Hager, C., Ludolph, A. C., Becker, G., Osterhage, J., Jost, W. H., Schrank, B., Stein, C., Kostopulos, P., Lubik, S., Wekwerth, K., Dengler, R., Troeger, M., Wuerz, A., Hoge, A., Schrader, C., Schimke, N., Krampfl, K., Petri, S., Zierz, S., Eger, K., Neudecker, S., Traufeller, K., Sievert, M., Neundorfer, B., and Hecht, M. High dose vitamin E therapy in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis as add-on therapy to riluzole: results of a placebo-controlled double-blind study. J Neural Transm. 2005;112(5):649-660. View abstract.

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Green, D., Chambers, M. E., and Sugden, D. A. Does subtype of developmental coordination disorder count: is there a differential effect on outcome following intervention? Sci. 2008;27(2):363-382. View abstract.

Greenberg, E. R., Baron, J. A., Stukel, T. A., Stevens, M. M., Mandel, J. S., Spencer, S. K., Elias, P. M., Lowe, N., Nierenberg, D. W., Bayrd, G., and . A clinical trial of beta carotene to prevent basal-cell and squamous-cell cancers of the skin. The Skin Cancer Prevention Study Group. 9-20-1990;323(12):789-795. View abstract.

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Gridley, G., McLaughlin, J. K., Block, G., Blot, W. J., Winn, D. M., Greenberg, R. S., Schoenberg, J. B., Preston-Martin, S., Austin, D. F., and Fraumeni, J. F., Jr. Diet and oral and pharyngeal cancer among blacks. shopmetin.comer 1990;14(3-4):219-225. View abstract.

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Gritz, D. C., Srinivasan, M., Smith, S. D., Kim, U., Lietman, T. M., Wilkins, J. H., Priyadharshini, B., John, R. K., Aravind, S., Prajna, N. V., Duraisami, Thulasiraj R., and Whitcher, J. P. The Antioxidants in Prevention of Cataracts Study: effects of antioxidant supplements on cataract progression in South India. Br J Ophthalmol. 2006;90(7):847-851. View abstract.

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Groenbaek, K., Friis, H., Hansen, M., Ring-Larsen, H., and Krarup, H. B. The effect of antioxidant supplementation on hepatitis C viral load, transaminases and oxidative status: a randomized trial among chronic hepatitis C virus-infected patients. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2006;18(9):985-989. View abstract.

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Gueguen, S., Pirollet, P., Leroy, P., Guilland, J. C., Arnaud, J., Paille, F., Siest, G., Visvikis, S., Hercberg, S., and Herbeth, B. Changes in serum retinol, alpha-tocopherol, vitamin C, carotenoids, xinc and selenium after micronutrient supplementation during alcohol rehabilitation. 2003;22(4):303-310. View abstract.

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Martinoli, L., Di, Felice M., Seghieri, G., Ciuti, M., De Giorgio, L. A., Fazzini, A., Gori, R., Anichini, R., and Franconi, F. Plasma retinol and alpha-tocopherol concentrations in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: their relationship to microvascular complications. Int J Res 1993;63(2):87-92. View abstract.

Mas, E., Dupuy, A. M., Artero, S., Portet, F., Cristol, J. P., Ritchie, K., and Touchon, J. Functional Vitamin E deficiency in ApoE4 patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Disord. 2006;21(3):198-204. View abstract.

Mathew, M. C., Ervin, A. M., Tao, J., and Davis, R. M. Antioxidant vitamin supplementation for preventing and slowing the progression of age-related cataract. 2012;6:CD004567. View abstract.

Maxwell, C. J., Hicks, M. S., Hogan, D. B., Basran, J., and Ebly, E. M. Supplemental use of antioxidant vitamins and subsequent risk of cognitive decline and dementia. Disord. 2005;20(1):45-51. View abstract.

Mayer-Davis, E. J., Bell, R. A., Reboussin, B. A., Rushing, J., Marshall, J. A., and Hamman, R. F. Antioxidant nutrient intake and diabetic retinopathy: the San Luis Valley Diabetes Study. Ophthalmology 1998;105(12):2264-2270. View abstract.

McCance, D. R., Holmes, V. A., Maresh, M. J., Patterson, C. C., Walker, J. D., Pearson, D. W., and Young, I. S. Vitamins C and E for prevention of pre-eclampsia in women with type 1 diabetes (DAPIT): a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 7-24-2010;376(9737):259-266. View abstract.

McGinness, J. E., Grossie, B., Jr., Proctor, P. H., Benjamin, R. S., Gulati, O. P., and Hokanson, J. A. Effect of dose schedule of vitamin E and hydroxethylruticide on intestinal toxicity induced by adriamycin. Physiol 1986;18(1):17-24. View abstract.

McNeil, J. J., Robman, L., Tikellis, G., Sinclair, M. I., McCarty, C. A., and Taylor, H. R. Vitamin E supplementation and cataract: randomized controlled trial. Ophthalmology 2004;111(1):75-84. View abstract.

Melhorn, D. K. and Gross, S. Vitamin E-dependent anemia in the premature infant. II. Relationships between gestational age and absorption of vitamin E. J.Pediatr. 1971;79(4):581-588. View abstract.

Menkes, M. S., Comstock, G. W., Vuilleumier, J. P., Helsing, K. J., Rider, A. A., and Brookmeyer, R. Serum beta-carotene, vitamins A and E, selenium, and the risk of lung cancer. 11-13-1986;315(20):1250-1254. View abstract.

Meraji, S., Abuja, P. M., Hayn, M., Kostner, G. M., Morris, R., Oraii, S., Tatzber, F., Wonisch, W., Zechner, R., and Gey, K. F. Relationship between classic risk factors, plasma antioxidants and indicators of oxidant stress in angina pectoris (AP) in Tehran. Atherosclerosis 2000;150(2):403-412. View abstract.

Merat, S., Malekzadeh, R., Sohrabi, M. R., Sotoudeh, M., Rakhshani, N., Sohrabpour, A. A., and Naserimoghadam, S. Probucol in the treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: a double-blind randomized controlled study. J.Hepatol. 2003;38(4):414-418. View abstract.

Meydani, S. N., Han, S. N., and Hamer, D. H. Vitamin E and respiratory infection in the elderly. 2004;1031:214-222. View abstract.

Mezey, E., Potter, J. J., Rennie-Tankersley, L., Caballeria, J., and Pares, A. A randomized placebo controlled trial of vitamin E for alcoholic hepatitis. J Hepatol. 2004;40(1):40-46. View abstract.

Mezzetti, M., La, Vecchia C., Decarli, A., Boyle, P., Talamini, R., and Franceschi, S. Population attributable risk for breast cancer: diet, nutrition, and physical exercise. shopmetin.comer Inst. 3-4-1998;90(5):389-394. View abstract.

Millen, A. E., Gruber, M., Klein, R., Klein, B. E., Palta, M., and Mares, J. A. Relations of serum ascorbic acid and alpha-tocopherol to diabetic retinopathy in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Am.J Epidemiol. 8-1-2003;158(3):225-233. View abstract.

Millen, A. E., Klein, R., Folsom, A. R., Stevens, J., Palta, M., and Mares, J. A. Relation between intake of vitamins C and E and risk of diabetic retinopathy in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. Am.J 2004;79(5):865-873. View abstract.

Milman, U., Blum, S., Shapira, C., Aronson, D., Miller-Lotan, R., Anbinder, Y., Alshiek, J., Bennett, L., Kostenko, M., Landau, M., Keidar, S., Levy, Y., Khemlin, A., Radan, A., and Levy, A. P. Vitamin E supplementation reduces cardiovascular events in a subgroup of middle-aged individuals with both type 2 diabetes mellitus and the haptoglobin 2-2 genotype: a prospective double-blinded clinical trial. 2008;28(2):341-347. View abstract.

Misirlioglu, C. H., Demirkasimoglu, T., Kucukplakci, B., Sanri, E., and Altundag, K. Pentoxifylline and alpha-tocopherol in prevention of radiation-induced lung toxicity in patients with lung cancer. shopmetin.coml. 2007;24(3):308-311. View abstract.

Mitchinson, M. J., Stephens, N. G., Parsons, A., Bligh, E., Schofield, P. M., and Brown, M. J. Mortality in the CHAOS trial. Lancet 1-30-1999;353(9150):381-382. View abstract.

Miyake, Y., Fukushima, W., Tanaka, K., Sasaki, S., Kiyohara, C., Tsuboi, Y., Yamada, T., Oeda, T., Miki, T., Kawamura, N., Sakae, N., Fukuyama, H., Hirota, Y., and Nagai, M. Dietary intake of antioxidant vitamins and risk of Parkinson’s disease: a case-control study in Japan. shopmetin.comol. 2011;18(1):106-113. View abstract.

Montano Velazquez, B. B., Jauregui-Renaud, K., Banuelos Arias, Adel C., Ayala, J. C., Martinez, M. D., Campillo, Navarrete R., Rosalia, I. S., Salazar, Mdel R., Serrano, H. A., Mondragon, A. O., and Perez, R. L. Vitamin E effects on nasal symptoms and serum specific IgE levels in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis. shopmetin.comrgy Asthma Immunol. 2006;96(1):45-50. View abstract.

Mooney, L. A., Madsen, A. M., Tang, D., Orjuela, M. A., Tsai, W. Y., Garduno, E. R., and Perera, F. P. Antioxidant vitamin supplementation reduces benzo(a)pyrene-DNA adducts and potential cancer risk in female smokers. Cancer shopmetin.comarkers Prev. 2005;14(1):237-242. View abstract.

Moorman, P. G., Ricciuti, M. F., Millikan, R. C., and Newman, B. Vitamin supplement use and breast cancer in a North Carolina population. Public Health Nutr 2001;4(3):821-827. View abstract.

Morris, C. R. and Agin, M. C. Syndrome of allergy, apraxia, and malabsorption: characterization of a neurodevelopmental phenotype that responds to omega 3 and vitamin E supplementation. Health Med. 2009;15(4):34-43. View abstract.

Morris, D. L., Kritchevsky, S. B., and Davis, C. E. Serum carotenoids and coronary heart disease. The Lipid Research Clinics Coronary Primary Prevention Trial and Follow-up Study. JAMA 11-9-1994;272(18):1439-1441. View abstract.

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Morris, M. C., Evans, D. A., Bienias, J. L., Tangney, C. C., Bennett, D. A., Aggarwal, N., Wilson, R. S., and Scherr, P. A. Dietary intake of antioxidant nutrients and the risk of incident Alzheimer disease in a biracial community study. JAMA 6-26-2002;287(24):3230-3237. View abstract.

Morrissey, P. A. and Sheehy, P. J. Optimal nutrition: vitamin E. 1999;58(2):459-468. View abstract.

Mortality in DATATOP: a multicenter trial in early Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson Study Group. shopmetin.comol. 1998;43(3):318-325. View abstract.

Moyad, M. A. Conventional and alternative medical advice for cold and flu prevention: what should be recommended and what should be avoided? 2009;29(6):455-458. View abstract.

MRC/BHF Heart Protection Study of cholesterol lowering with simvastatin in 20,536 high-risk individuals: a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 7-6-2002;360(9326):7-22. View abstract.

Munoz, N., Wahrendorf, J., Bang, L. J., Crespi, M., Thurnham, D. I., Day, N. E., Ji, Z. H., Grassi, A., Yan, L. W., Lin, L. G., and . No effect of riboflavine, retinol, and zinc on prevalence of precancerous lesions of oesophagus. Randomised double-blind intervention study in high-risk population of China. Lancet 7-20-1985;2(8447):111-114. View abstract.

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Murakami, Y., Nagai, A., Kawakami, T., Hino, K., Kitase, A., Hara, Y., Okuda, M., Okita, K., and Okita, M. Vitamin E and C supplementation prevents decrease of eicosapentaenoic acid in mononuclear cells in chronic hepatitis C patients during combination therapy of interferon alpha-2b and ribavirin. Nutrition 2006;22(2):114-122. View abstract.

Musso, G., Cassader, M., Rosina, F., and Gambino, R. Impact of current treatments on liver disease, glucose metabolism and cardiovascular risk in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD): a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised trials. Diabetologia 2012;55(4):885-904. View abstract.

Myung, S. K., Ju, W., Cho, B., Oh, S. W., Park, S. M., Koo, B. K., and Park, B. J. Efficacy of vitamin and antioxidant supplements in prevention of cardiovascular disease: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ 2013;346:f10. View abstract.

Myung, S. K., Ju, W., Kim, S. C., and Kim, H. Vitamin or antioxidant intake (or serum level) and risk of cervical neoplasm: a meta-analysis. BJOG. 2011;118(11):1285-1291. View abstract.

Nakayama, A., Alladin, K. P., Igbokwe, O., and White, J. D. Systematic review: generating evidence-based guidelines on the concurrent use of dietary antioxidants and chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Cancer Invest 2011;29(10):655-667. View abstract.

Negri, E., La, Vecchia C., Franceschi, S., D’Avanzo, B., Talamini, R., Parpinel, M., Ferraroni, M., Filiberti, R., Montella, M., Falcini, F., Conti, E., and Decarli, A. Intake of selected micronutrients and the risk of breast cancer. Int J Cancer 1-17-1996;65(2):140-144. View abstract.

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Nguyen, T. T., Cox, C. S., Traber, D. L., Gasser, H., Redl, H., Schlag, G., and Herndon, D. N. Free radical activity and loss of plasma antioxidants, vitamin E, and sulfhydryl groups in patients with burns: the 1993 Moyer Award. J.Burn Care Rehabil. 1993;14(6):602-609. View abstract.

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No author. The alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene lung cancer prevention study: design, methods, participant characteristics, and compliance. The ATBC Cancer Prevention Study Group. shopmetin.comemiol. 1994;4(1):1-10. View abstract.

Nobili, V., Manco, M., Devito, R., Ciampalini, P., Piemonte, F., and Marcellini, M. Effect of vitamin E on aminotransferase levels and insulin resistance in children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. 2006;24(11-12):1553-1561. View abstract.

Nobili, V., Manco, M., Devito, R., Di, Ciommo, V, Comparcola, D., Sartorelli, M. R., Piemonte, F., Marcellini, M., and Angulo, P. Lifestyle intervention and antioxidant therapy in children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a randomized, controlled trial. Hepatology 2008;48(1):119-128. View abstract.

Nojiri, S., Daida, H., Mokuno, H., Iwama, Y., Mae, K., Ushio, F., and Ueki, T. Association of serum antioxidant capacity with coronary artery disease in middle-aged men. J. 2001;42(6):677-690. View abstract.

Nomura, A. M., Stemmermann, G. N., Heilbrun, L. K., Salkeld, R. M., and Vuilleumier, J. P. Serum vitamin levels and the risk of cancer of specific sites in men of Japanese ancestry in Hawaii. Cancer Res. 1985;45(5):2369-2372. View abstract.

Nomura, A. M., Stemmermann, G. N., Lee, J., and Craft, N. E. Serum micronutrients and prostate cancer in Japanese Americans in Hawaii. Cancer shopmetin.comarkers Prev. 1997;6(7):487-491. View abstract.

Nomura, A. M., Ziegler, R. G., Stemmermann, G. N., Chyou, P. H., and Craft, N. E. Serum micronutrients and upper aerodigestive tract cancer. Cancer shopmetin.comarkers Prev. 1997;6(6):407-412. View abstract.

Nouraie, M., Pietinen, P., Kamangar, F., Dawsey, S. M., Abnet, C. C., Albanes, D., Virtamo, J., and Taylor, P. R. Fruits, vegetables, and antioxidants and risk of gastric cancer among male smokers. Cancer shopmetin.comarkers Prev. 2005;14(9):2087-2092. View abstract.

Nussenblatt, R. B., Kim, J., Thompson, D. J., Davis, M. D., Chew, E., Ferris, F. L., and Buggage, R. Vitamin E in the treatment of uveitis-associated macular edema. shopmetin.comhalmol. 2006;141(1):193-194. View abstract.

O’Brien, J. T. and Burns, A. Clinical practice with anti-dementia drugs: a revised (second) consensus statement from the British Association for Psychopharmacology. J Psychopharmacol. 2011;25(8):997-1019. View abstract.

Odigwe, C. C., Smedslund, G., Ejemot-Nwadiaro, R. I., Anyanechi, C. C., and Krawinkel, M. B. Supplementary vitamin E, selenium, cysteine and riboflavin for preventing kwashiorkor in preschool children in developing countries. 2010;(4):CD008147. View abstract.

Ohrvall, M., Sundlof, G., and Vessby, B. Gamma, but not alpha, tocopherol levels in serum are reduced in coronary heart disease patients. J 1996;239(2):111-117. View abstract.

Okamoto, K., Kihira, T., Kobashi, G., Washio, M., Sasaki, S., Yokoyama, T., Miyake, Y., Sakamoto, N., Inaba, Y., and Nagai, M. Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in Japan. Neuroepidemiology 2009;32(4):251-256. View abstract.

Okuda, M., Bando, N., Terao, J., Sasaki, S., Sugiyama, S., Kunitsugu, I., and Hobara, T. Association of serum carotenoids and tocopherols with atopic diseases in Japanese children and adolescents. shopmetin.comrgy Immunol. 2010;21(4 Pt 2):e705-e710. View abstract.

Pacht, E. R., Diaz, P., Clanton, T., Hart, J., and Gadek, J. E. Serum vitamin E decreases in HIV-seropositive subjects over time. J.Lab 1997;130(3):293-296. View abstract.

Palli, D., Russo, A., and Decarli, A. Dietary patterns, nutrient intake and gastric cancer in a high-risk area of Italy. Cancer Causes Control 2001;12(2):163-172. View abstract.

Pamuk, G. E. and Sonsuz, A. N-acetylcysteine in the treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. shopmetin.comtol. 2003;18(10):1220-1221. View abstract.

Papadimitrakopoulou, V. A., Clayman, G. L., Shin, D. M., Myers, J. N., Gillenwater, A. M., Goepfert, H., El-Naggar, A. K., Lewin, J. S., Lippman, S. M., and Hong, W. K. Biochemoprevention for dysplastic lesions of the upper aerodigestive tract. Neck Surg. 1999;125(10):1083-1089. View abstract.

Papaioannou, D., Cooper, K. L., Carroll, C., Hind, D., Squires, H., Tappenden, P., and Logan, R. F. Antioxidants in the chemoprevention of colorectal cancer and colorectal adenomas in the general population: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Colorectal Dis. 2011;13(10):1085-1099. View abstract.

Papila C, Papila I Bilir M Cagatay T Yanardag H et al. Effect of vitamin E supplementation on natural killer cell activity in patients with solid tumors. Journal of BU On 1999;4:435-437.

Patel, B. P. and Hamadeh, M. J. Nutritional and exercise-based interventions in the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Clin Nutr. 2009;28(6):604-617. View abstract.

Pathak, A. K., Bhutani, M., Guleria, R., Bal, S., Mohan, A., Mohanti, B. K., Sharma, A., Pathak, R., Bhardwaj, N. K., Prasad, K. N., and Kochupillai, V. Chemotherapy alone vs. chemotherapy plus high dose multiple antioxidants in patients with advanced non small cell lung cancer. J 2005;24(1):16-21. View abstract.

Peet, M., Laugharne, J., Rangarajan, N., and Reynolds, G. P. Tardive dyskinesia, lipid peroxidation, and sustained amelioration with vitamin E treatment. shopmetin.comhopharmacol. 1993;8(3):151-153. View abstract.

Penn, N. D., Purkins, L., Kelleher, J., Heatley, R. V., Mascie-Taylor, B. H., and Belfield, P. W. The effect of dietary supplementation with vitamins A, C and E on cell-mediated immune function in elderly long-stay patients: a randomized controlled trial. Age Ageing 1991;20(3):169-174. View abstract.

Perez, J. E., Macchiavelli, M., Leone, B. A., Romero, A., Rabinovich, M. G., Goldar, D., and Vallejo, C. High-dose alpha-tocopherol as a preventive of doxorubicin-induced alopecia. Cancer 1986;70(10):1213-1214. View abstract.

Perez, L., Heim, L., Sherzai, A., Jaceldo-Siegl, K., and Sherzai, A. Nutrition and vascular dementia. shopmetin.comth Aging 2012;16(4):319-324. View abstract.

Pfeiffer, J. M., Askew, E. W., Roberts, D. E., Wood, S. M., Benson, J. E., Johnson, S. C., and Freedman, M. S. Effect of antioxidant supplementation on urine and blood markers of oxidative stress during extended moderate-altitude training. 1999;10(2):66-74. View abstract.

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Pham, D. Q. and Plakogiannis, R. Vitamin E supplementation in cardiovascular disease and cancer prevention: Part 1. shopmetin.commacother. 2005;39(11):1870-1878. View abstract.

Phelps, D. L., Rosenbaum, A. L., Isenberg, S. J., Leake, R. D., and Dorey, F. J. Tocopherol efficacy and safety for preventing retinopathy of prematurity: a randomized, controlled, double-masked trial. Pediatrics 1987;79(4):489-500. View abstract.

Piermarocchi, S., Saviano, S., Parisi, V., Tedeschi, M., Panozzo, G., Scarpa, G., Boschi, G., and Lo, Giudice G. Carotenoids in Age-related Maculopathy Italian Study (CARMIS): two-year results of a randomized study. shopmetin.comhalmol. 2012;22(2):216-225. View abstract.

Pike, J. and Chandra, R. K. Effect of vitamin and trace element supplementation on immune indices in healthy elderly. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 1995;65(2):117-121. View abstract.

Plummer, M., Vivas, J., Lopez, G., Bravo, J. C., Peraza, S., Carillo, E., Cano, E., Castro, D., Andrade, O., Sanchez, V., Garcia, R., Buiatti, E., Aebischer, C., Franceschi, S., Oliver, W., and Munoz, N. Chemoprevention of precancerous gastric lesions with antioxidant vitamin supplementation: a randomized trial in a high-risk population. shopmetin.comer Inst. 1-17-2007;99(2):137-146. View abstract.

Polyzos, N. P., Mauri, D., Tsappi, M., Tzioras, S., Kamposioras, K., Cortinovis, I., and Casazza, G. Combined vitamin C and E supplementation during pregnancy for preeclampsia prevention: a systematic review. Obstet 2007;62(3):202-206. View abstract.

Poston, L., Briley, A. L., Seed, P. T., Kelly, F. J., and Shennan, A. H. Vitamin C and vitamin E in pregnant women at risk for pre-eclampsia (VIP trial): randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 4-8-2006;367(9517):1145-1154. View abstract.

Poulter, J. M., White, W. F., and Dickerson, J. W. Ascorbic acid supplementation and five year survival rates in women with early breast cancer. Acta shopmetin.commol. 1984;6(3):175-182. View abstract.

Prieto Castro, R. M., Leva Vallejo, M. E., Regueiro Lopez, J. C., Anglada Curado, F. J., Alvarez, Kindelan J., and Requena Tapia, M. J. Combined treatment with vitamin E and colchicine in the early stages of Peyronie’s disease. 2003;91(6):522-524. View abstract.

Prince, M. I., Mitchison, H. C., Ashley, D., Burke, D. A., Edwards, N., Bramble, M. G., James, O. F., and Jones, D. E. Oral antioxidant supplementation for fatigue associated with primary biliary cirrhosis: results of a multicentre, randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial. 2003;17(1):137-143. View abstract.

Pryor, J. P. and Farell, C. F. Controlled clinical trial of vitamin E in Peyronie’s disease. Prog Reprod Biol 1983;9:41-45.

Rahimi, R., Nikfar, S., Rezaie, A., and Abdollahi, M. A meta-analysis on the efficacy and safety of combined vitamin C and E supplementation in preeclamptic women. shopmetin.comnancy. 2009;28(4):417-434. View abstract.

Rajasekhar, D., Srinivasa Rao, P. V., Latheef, S. A., Saibaba, K. S., and Subramanyam, G. Association of serum antioxidants and risk of coronary heart disease in South Indian population. Indian 2004;58(11):465-471. View abstract.

Ranganathan, L. N. and Ramaratnam, S. Vitamins for epilepsy. 2005;(2):CD004304. View abstract.

Rapola, J. M., Virtamo, J., Haukka, J. K., Heinonen, O. P., Albanes, D., Taylor, P. R., and Huttunen, J. K. Effect of vitamin E and beta carotene on the incidence of angina pectoris. A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. JAMA 3-6-1996;275(9):693-698. View abstract.

RATCLIFFE, A. H. Vitamin E in intermittent claudication. Lancet 12-17-1949;2(6590):1128-1130. View abstract.

Read, R. W. Uveitis: advances in understanding of pathogenesis and treatment. 2006;8(4):260-266. View abstract.

Rema, M., Mohan, V., Bhaskar, A., and Shanmugasundaram, K. R. Does oxidant stress play a role in diabetic retinopathy? Indian J Ophthalmol. 1995;43(1):17-21. View abstract.

Ricciarelli, R., Argellati, F., Pronzato, M. A., and Domenicotti, C. Vitamin E and neurodegenerative diseases. shopmetin.comcts Med. 2007;28(5-6):591-606. View abstract.

Richer, S. Multicenter ophthalmic and nutritional age-related macular degeneration study-part 2: antioxidant intervention and conclusions. shopmetin.comc. 1996;67(1):30-49. View abstract.

Riemersma, R. A., Oliver, M., Elton, R. A., Alfthan, G., Vartiainen, E., Salo, M., Rubba, P., Mancini, M., Georgi, H., Vuilleumier, J. P., and . Plasma antioxidants and coronary heart disease: vitamins C and E, and selenium. Eur.J 1990;44(2):143-150. View abstract.

Riemersma, R. A., Wood, D. A., Macintyre, C. C., Elton, R. A., Gey, K. F., and Oliver, M. F. Risk of angina pectoris and plasma concentrations of vitamins A, C, and E and carotene. Lancet 1-5-1991;337(8732):1-5. View abstract.

Rigalleau, V., Barbe, M., Garuz, F., Baillet-Blanco, L., Beauvieux, M. C., and Gin, H. Nutritional factors and diabetic foot: a role for vitamin E? 2004;21(8):951-952. View abstract.

Rimm, E. B., Giovannucci, E. L., Willett, W. C., Colditz, G. A., Ascherio, A., Rosner, B., and Stampfer, M. J. Prospective study of alcohol consumption and risk of coronary disease in men. Lancet 8-24-1991;338(8765):464-468. View abstract.

Rivas-Echeverria CA, Echeverria Y Molina L Novoa D. Synergic use of aspirin, fish oil and vitamins C and E for the prevention of preeclampsia. Hypertension in Pregnancy 2000;19(Suppl 1):30.

Roberts, E. A. Steatohepatitis in children. shopmetin.comroenterol. 2002;16(5):749-765. View abstract.

Roberts, J. M., Myatt, L., Spong, C. Y., Thom, E. A., Hauth, J. C., Leveno, K. J., Pearson, G. D., Wapner, R. J., Varner, M. W., Thorp, J. M., Jr., Mercer, B. M., Peaceman, A. M., Ramin, S. M., Carpenter, M. W., Samuels, P., Sciscione, A., Harper, M., Smith, W. J., Saade, G., Sorokin, Y., and Anderson, G. B. Vitamins C and E to prevent complications of pregnancy-associated hypertension. N.Engl.J Med 4-8-2010;362(14):1282-1291. View abstract.

Robinson, I., de Serna, D. G., Gutierrez, A., and Schade, D. S. Vitamin E in humans: an explanation of clinical trial failure. shopmetin.comt. 2006;12(5):576-582. View abstract.

Roed-Petersen, J. and Hjorth, N. Contact dermatitis from antioxidants. shopmetin.comatol. 1976;94(3):233-241. View abstract.

Ronco, A., De, Stefani E., Boffetta, P., Deneo-Pellegrini, H., Mendilaharsu, M., and Leborgne, F. Vegetables, fruits, and related nutrients and risk of breast cancer: a case-control study in Uruguay. shopmetin.comer 1999;35(2):111-119. View abstract.

Roncucci L, Ponz de Leon M. Antioxidant vitamins or lactulose as chemopreventive agents for colorectal cancer. Food and Cancer Prevention 1993;147-150.

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